According to the estimate of The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost 400 million people suffer from dengue fever each year.
Dengue fever is also known as breakbone fever. It is a condition in which a particular type of mosquito, known as Aedes mosquito bites, and infects you. However, it is caused by four different viruses, but mosquito plays a role in their spread. At times, dengue may not be life-threatening.
However, if the treatment is delayed, the infection may become difficult to treat. Also, there is no treatment or vaccine for its prevention. If you have been suffering from high-grade fever, you must visit a doctor soon. Also, you can visit the Chugtai Lab Lahore to make the final diagnosis for dengue fever.
The symptoms of dengue fever are
- High-grade fever
- Body aches
- Severe headache
- Pain behind eyes
- Joint pain
- Skin rash
- Bleeding from gum or nose
At times, dengue may resolve on its own with symptomatic treatment. But sometimes, it may result in a life-threatening condition calleddengue hemorrhagic fever, which shows the signs and symptoms as follows.
- Damage to lymph nodes
- Black stools due to internal bleeding
- Blood in vomit
- Bleeding from mouth
- Bleeding from gum
- Bleeding from nose
- Nause and vomiting
- Feeble pulse
- Decrease in platelets
The most common problem associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever is decreased platelets, which eventually predisposes the patient towards bleeding.
Another more serious form of dengue fever is dengue shock syndrome, which shows the signs and symptoms as follows.
- Disorientation and confusion
- Dizziness due to hypotension
- Internal bleeding
- Recurrent vomiting
- Drop-in pulse rate
This condition needs prompt medical treatment. If not, it may result in death.
The main cause of dengue fever spread is the mosquito that resides near humans. If a mosquito bites a person suffering from dengue, eventually the virus is transmitted into it, and when it bites another human being, it transfers it to them as well. Hence this cycle keeps continuing. Therefore, if you have to take care of a patient suffering from dengue fever, make sure there are no mosquitoes in the environment as they can become a source of transmission of dengue virus from one person to another.
The factors that increase the risk of dengue fever are:
Living or traveling to tropical or subtropical regions because mosquitoes are in abundance in the subtropical regions like the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and the Pacific islands.
If you have had prior dengue fever, the chances increase that next time you may have more symptoms. There are four different strains of viruses that cause dengue. Therefore, having an infection once does not excludes the chances of it occurring again. It may happen that next time you may feel seriously ill due to a different viral strain.
Dengue fever is a viral infection that has no particular treatment. All the healthcare provider can do is give you symptomatic treatment.
Long-standing nausea and diarrhea can leave the person dehydrated. Therefore, the person should be rehydrated through plenty of fluids. Oral rehydrations salts may also benefit from rehydrating the patient.
Rest is an essential thing to recover from any health condition. In any illness, it is good to give yourself some time and have rest. Otherwise, if you keep exhausting yourself day and night, it will become harder for you to recover.
You can take paracetamol to lower down the fever. Do not give aspirin to children and infants as it can harm them.
If your platelets keep decreasing, your healthcare provider may get them transfused. However, in some cases, the patient recovers without it. But regular monitoring of platelets is essential. If not, it can result in bleeding that can become life-threatening.
Dengue fever is a common problem in Pakistan, and it can become life-threatening at times. Therefore, you must not delay your visit to a healthcare provider. Also, if the patient is unable to move, you can ask a rider from Chugtai Lab to come to your home. They will withdraw the sample and get it tested soon. You can avail the services of Chugtai lab home sample collection, so you do not have to go out.